New findings in human biology as well as technological progress on the one hand and a look back at evolution on the other raise the following question: to what extent can humans design the next type of human by themselves?
Originally a topic found mainly in science fiction, transhumanism had at best a niche existence in the scientific world. Today, an ideologically inspired movement is campaigning for the targeted improvement of humans. Wearables like health trackers and smart tattoos are proof that the majority of people is willing to let technology get up close and personal.
Ever new developments mean that the natural limitations of the human body no longer appear to be absolute. With prosthetic devices, electronics inserted on or in the body and the targeted use of partly automated small robots and manipulated microorganisms in the blood vessels – no procedure in the human organism seems untouchable anymore. Even the creation of completely new life is no longer far away due to the latest findings in the field of genetics, among others.
Questions on ethics are inseparable from the subject of transhumanism. The unforeseen long-term consequences and unclear legal situations in many countries are faced with the possibilities offered by effective means of combating previously incurable diseases and living longer, healthier lives.