Bioengineering transfers methods from engineering sciences to organic materials and also includes findings from the field of IT. The highly complex building plans in biology are now decipherable and permit the targeted manipulation of tissue structures and even of entire living creatures. For example, DNA can be used as a digital data carrier, and 3D printing methods can produce replacement organs. Similarly, successful concepts from nature are copied and used to create new bionic products and technologies. In the long term, bioengineering will blur the borders between organic and non-organic components and increasingly find its way into our daily lives.